Almost all of the jurors picked for venire confessed that they could not be impartial to such an admired defendant and they had a hard time seating a jury for the case. In addition, when they finally got a jury seated, coincidence or not, they voted in favor of Jordan. The Importance of Juror Personality Characteristics. While juror demographics may play a large role in individual juror decisions, the individual personality characteristics play an equal part in determining how a jury will perceive the particulars of any case.
Hutson, Scientific Jury Selection and Effectiveness. Giewat defines scientific jury selection as the successful integration of social science and empirical research as it applies to the courts. It should be noted that the term scientific jury selection applies to a process used by the legal system to allow trial consultants possessing backgrounds in social science to use psychological theory and tools to aid in the process of jury selection.
The tools often used are community attitude surveys, questionnaires, approved questioning methods, and non-verbal and verbal behavioral cues.
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Giewat notes, that Lieberman and Sales stress that specific questioning, as opposed to vague questioning seems to work best. Greene asserts that the scope of this work is expanding to pretrial assessments of evidentiary reaction and other services.
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The addition of expert advice during the jury selection process is viewed as a valuable tool, because both sides can evaluate the potential jurors and their personalities by trained professionals knowledgeable in the study of people. They also use community attitude surveys, questionnaires, approved questioning methods, and non-verbal and verbal behavioral cues. The goal is to provide each side, prosecution and defense the chance to question each jury member to determine suitability for jury candidacy. Our current justice system rules operate under the assumption that allowing either party access to expert advice and preemptory challenges will ensure that a fair and balanced jury is chosen for the case.
Giewat, G. PhD, Book Review: Scientific Jury Selection. Greene, E. Psychology and the Legal System 6 th Ed. Florence, Kentucky. Cengage Learning. Hutson, M. Psychology Today. Unnatural Selection. Koocher, G.
Jury Selection and Behavior
Ethics and the Invisible Psychologist. American Psychological Association. Email This BlogThis! Share to Twitter Share to Facebook. Serial Killers. This paper is goin Social Theories: Explaining Gang Violence. Each b Operant Conditioning and Criminal Behavior. Victim Typeologies. See source website for additional information.
Photo cre In case you didn't know, the hockey-masked killer from the Friday the 13th series of movies is named Jason Voorhees. He has been portray Criminological Theory and Implications on Public Policy. N2 - Working from the assumption that particular demographics, attitudes, and broad personality characteristics can predispose jurors towards preferred verdict decisions, social scientists seek to assist justice systems in their selection of jurors at trial. This process commonly known as Scientifc Jury Selection involves trying to identify what views are likely to be held by the individuals comprised on a jury and eliminating those people thought to be undesirable to the evidence in the case.
AB - Working from the assumption that particular demographics, attitudes, and broad personality characteristics can predispose jurors towards preferred verdict decisions, social scientists seek to assist justice systems in their selection of jurors at trial. Abstract Working from the assumption that particular demographics, attitudes, and broad personality characteristics can predispose jurors towards preferred verdict decisions, social scientists seek to assist justice systems in their selection of jurors at trial. Along those same lines, parents with minor children were excused, as were those who work with children, advocate on their behalf, or who otherwise appeared as though they might be biased one way or the other.
They dismissed so many potential jurors that they went past my number before they selected a jury of twelve, and I was potential juror number thirty-eight. I had already been questioned, as had the other potential jurors, before a seat for me in the jury box opened up. As soon as I sat down, the prosecutor immediately dismissed me. The judge seemed intrigued by this revelation and elicited more information from me.
They also learned that my record has long-since been expunged, that it was disclosed and explained in my application for admittance to the Bar despite the fact that it had been expunged , and that it caused no issue with regard to my being admitted. In fact, I commented that the United States " stands alone as the only nation that has not ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, an international human rights treaty to protect children.
However, I also told them that I am aware that this doesn't make spanking illegal or even improper from a legal perspective. After learning all this, they asked me whether I felt I could be impartial, and I said I could. I explained that empathy is about deep understanding of all perspectives and open-mindedness. It wasn't at all surprising that I was dismissed; however, I was initially stunned that it was the prosecutor who dismissed me. Empathy and sympathy are two very different things and, if you don't understand the concepts, you can't possibly understand how they work.
By the way, cultural differences do come into play with regard to the use of corporal punishment. But if whupping children kept black people out of prison or safe from abusive cops, there would be no mass incarceration or police brutality.follow link
Perspectives - Vol. 1, No. 1 - Ethical Considerations Of Trial Behavior Consultants
If beatings were a prerequisite for success, black people would be ruling the world Between and , more than 3, black children were killed as a result of maltreatment, according to the Administration for Children and Families. Many social workers and district attorneys I have talked to say it is not malicious parents intentionally hurting their kids who end up with convictions for child abuse or homicide; it is those who started spanking and escalated as the child got bigger The violence that black children experience from trigger-happy cops, in the streets of cities like Baltimore and Chicago, in schools and at home is all interconnected.
As it turns out, the family involved in the case I've described is black. Had the child not died as a result of the corporal punishment, he would have had many challenges to overcome in order to succeed in life because of the way in which he was parented. Furthermore, chances are that the defendant father's parents used corporal punishment on him.
"Jury Selection in Two Countries: A Psychological Perspective" by Valerie P. Hans
Understanding this reality doesn't make the situation any less tragic, and it probably wouldn't have occurred, had the father's parents not used corporal punishment on him. We all have personal biases, beliefs, assumptions, expectations and values. The question is how much our lack of self-awareness is skewing our perception of things.
For what it's worth, considering all of the information I know with regard to empathy, corporal punishment, and cultural differences pertaining to corporal punishment, I think I would have been the least biased juror possible for this particular case. Yet, I was dismissed because the prosecutor apparently believed the information I conveyed suggested that I was prejudiced about the case. That being said, having given my experience a great deal of thought, the prosecutor may have made a wise decision in dismissing me.
Consequently, the juror must be directed to a mental state whereby at least comprehension, if not empathy, is realized in regard to the defendant's cultural sphere This does not imply that the juror need an in-depth understanding of great compassion for the defendant's segment of society though both would be ideal ; rather, the juror must be cognizant of the fact that these micro-societies do exist and must be recognized as social forces.
Meanwhile, a thirteen month old is dead at the hands of his father, regardless of how the criminal case plays out. I was called for jury duty once, about a case involving someone harboring a fugitive or felon. It was like a catwalk.